31 chefs-d'œuvre architecturaux que tout le monde devrait voir de son vivant – de la plus grande structure en terre au monde à une tour de Pékin en forme de pantalon

31 chefs-d'œuvre architecturaux que tout le monde devrait voir de son vivant – de la plus grande structure en terre au monde à une tour de Pékin en forme de pantalon

août 21, 2019 0 Par admin

Translating…

The oldest building we know of is Göbekli Tepe in present-day Turkey. Built somewhere around 9500 BC, archaeologists aren’t certain of its function, but it was probably religious.

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Source: Architectural Digest

Since then, humans have built some pretty rad structures, including the Fulton Center in New York City …

Depuis lors, les humains ont construit de jolies structures rad, y compris le Fulton Center de New York … « data-class = » postload « data-data-src = » https://amp.businessinsider.com/images/55e9c42fdd089575338b46b1 -750-500.jpg « data- data-title = » « >                      postload-img>                                                                                                                                                                                                               Spencer Platt / Getty                                              span>                               span>                                figure>                  

Source: Le Wall Street Journal em> p> div> div>                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

    

        

                                     

L’architecte moderniste Antoni Gaudí n’a pas vécu suffisamment longtemps pour voir sa Sagrada Família achevée. En fait, elle est toujours en construction. Selon son site internet, les travaux de construction devraient cesser en 2026. H2>          div>                                           

                                                                                                                                              postload-img>                                                                                                                                                                                                               Shutterstock                                              span>                               span>                                figure>                  

Source: Sagrada Família em> p> div> div>                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

    

        

                                     

… de même que l’immense bâtiment Woolworth, le plus haut bâtiment du monde de 1913 à 1930. h2>          div>                                           

                                                                                                                                              postload-img>                                                                                                                                                                                                               Ludovic Bertron / Flickr                                              span>                               span>                                figure>                  

Source: Historique em> div> div>                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

    

        

                                     

Les appartements Marina City de Chicago sont, pour le moins, conçus de manière unique. Construits en 1964, ils ont été l’un des premiers bâtiments à usage mixte et le premier à avoir été construit avec une grue aux États-Unis. H2>          div>                                           

                                                                                                                                              postload-img>                                                                                                                                                                                                               cdelmoral / flickr                                              span>                               span>                                figure>                  

Source: Bisnow em> p> div> div>                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

    

        

                                     

Mais tous les bâtiments n’ont pas besoin de gratter le ciel. L’église Temppeliaukio d’Helsinki est construite dans un sous-sol rocheux et reçoit encore beaucoup de soleil. H2>          div>                                           

                                                                                                                                              postload-img>                                                                                                                                                                                                               Jorge Láscar / Flickr                                              span>                               span>                                figure>                  

Source: Helsinki em> p> div> div>                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

    

        

                                     

L’église Saint-Georges de Lalibela, en Éthiopie, a été sculptée dans une seule pierre au 12ème siècle. h2>          div>                                           

                                                                                                                                              postload-img>                                                                                                                                                                                                               Shutterstock                                              span>                               span>                                figure>                  

Source: Archéologie irlandaise p> div> div>                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

    

        

                                     

Certains des plus beaux bâtiments s’intègrent dans leur paysage. Le bâtiment Turninn à Reykjavík reflète la beauté sauvage de l’Islande. H2>          div>                                           

                                                                                                                                              postload-img>                                                                                                                                                                                                                Gracieuseté de Architizer.                                              span>                               span>                                figure>                  

Source: ArchDaily em> div> div>                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

    

        

                                     

Le maître moderniste Mies van der Rohe a utilisé des lignes minimales et un espace dégagé pour créer des bâtiments qui semblent flotter dans l’air autour d’eux, comme la Neue Nationalgalerie de Berlin, construite dans les années 1960. h2>          div>                                           

                                                                                                                                              postload-img>                                                                                                                                                                                                               seier seier / flickr                                              span>                               span>                                figure>                  

Source: Staatliche Museen zu Berlin em> p> div> div>                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

    

        

                                     

Berlin abrite également la Mecque de la musique électronique: le maître brutaliste frappe Berghain. h2>          div>                                           

                                                                                                                                              postload-img>                                                                                                                                                                                                               Michael Mayer / flickr                                              span>                               span>                                figure>                  

Source: Berghain em> p> div> div>                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

    

        

                                     

L’intégration dans l’environnement est l’un des plus anciens idéaux de l’architecture. L’ancienne capitale japonaise, Kyoto, abrite le magnifique Pavillon doré … h2>          div>                                           

                                                                                                                                              postload-img>                                                                                                                                                                                                               Liberté II Andres / Flickr                                              span>                               span>                                figure>                  

Source: merveilles célèbres em > p> div> div>                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

    

        

                                     

… et le pavillon d’argent, plus subtilement superbe. h2>          div>                                           

                                                                                                                                              postload-img>                                                                                                                                                                                                               Reginald Pentinio / flickr                                              span>                               span>                                figure>                  

Source: Voyage au Japon em> div> div>                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

    

        

                                     

La grande mosquée de Djenné au Mali est la plus grande structure en terre construite au monde. Elle peut accueillir 3 000 fidèles. h2>          div>                                           

                                                                                                                                              postload-img>                                                                                                                                                                                                               37degrees / flickr                                              span>                               span>                                figure>                  

Source: Slate a > em> p> div> div>                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

    

        

                                     

Le centre Pompidou à Paris est un chef-d’œuvre postmoderne: il affiche allègrement les entrailles du bâtiment. h2>          div>                                           

                                                                                                                                              postload-img>                                                                                                                                                                                                               Shutterstock                                              span>                               span>                                figure>                  

Source: Centre Pompidou em> p> div > div>                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

    

        

                                     

Construite vers 1200, la cathédrale de Chartres, dans le nord de la France, est un exemple typique de l’architecture gothique. Notez les « portails » ornés par lesquels vous entrez dans le bâtiment. H2>          div>                                           

                                                                                                                                              postload-img>                                                                                                                                                                                                                Shutterstock                                              span>                               span>                                figure>                  

Source: Cathédrale de Chartres em> p> div>                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

    

        

                                     

La mosquée bleue d’Istanbul, construite au début des années 1600 à l’apogée de l’Empire ottoman, est peut-être le seul lieu de culte à la hauteur de sa splendeur. h2>          div>                                           

                                                                                                                                              postload-img>                                                                                                                                                                                                               Shutterstock                                              span>                               span>                                figure>                  

Source: Grand Istanbul em> p> div> div>                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

    

        

                                     

Elle est connue sous le nom de Mosquée bleue à cause de la décoration de son intérieur. h2>          div>                                           

                                                                                                                                              postload-img>                                                                                                                                                                                                               Shutterstock                                              span>                               span>                                figure>                  

Source: Grand Istanbul em> p> div> div>                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

    

        

                                     

Le temple d’or d’Amritsar, en Inde, est le centre de la foi sikh et il est lustré la nuit. h2>          div>                                           

                                                                                                                                              postload-img>                                                                                                                                                                                                               Munish Sharma / Reuters                                              span>                               span>                                figure>                  

Source: Le temple d’or d’Amritsar em> p> div>                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

    

        

                                     

Le château de Neuschwanstein, dans l’état allemand de Bavière, aurait inspiré Walt Disney à créer le château de la Belle au bois dormant. Il est facile de voir pourquoi. H2>          div>                                           

                                                                                                                                              postload-img>                                                                                                                                                                                                               Sean Gallup / Getty                                              span>                               span>                                figure>                  

Source: Château de Neuschwanstein em> p> div> div>                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

    

        

                                     

Il contient la bibliothèque prototype, dont la section la plus étonnante est appelée, à juste titre, la longue pièce. h2>          div>                                           

                                                                                                                                              postload-img>                                                                                                                                                                                                               Tony Webster / Flickr                                              span>                               span>                                figure>                  

Source: Trinity College Dublin em> p> p> div> div>                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

    

        

                                     

Le palais impérial – autrement dit la Cité interdite – est la forme ultime de la haute architecture chinoise. C’était le siège du gouvernement de 1420 à 1912. H2>          div>                                           

                                                                                                                                              postload-img>                                                                                                                                                                                                               Lintao Zhang / Getty                                              span>                               span>                                figure>                  

Source: Encyclopaedia Britannica a> em> p> div> div>                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

    

        

                                     

Perché haut dans les Andes péruviennes, le Machu Picchu est le meilleur exemple de l’architecture inca. Les archéologues disent qu’il a été construit vers 1450. H2>          div>                                           

                                                                                                                                              postload-img>                                                                                                                                                                                                               Wikimedia Commons                                              span>                               span>                                figure>                  

Source: Machu Picchu em> p> div> div>                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

    

        

                                     

Ouvert en 2007, le Parque Biblioteca España de Medellín, en Colombie, a été conçu par l’architecte colombien Giancarlo Mazzanti. Les trois bâtiments doivent ressembler à des pierres. H2>          div>                                           

                                                                                                                                              postload-img>                                                                                                                                                                                                               Dr EG / Flickr                                              span>                               span>                                figure>                  

Source: Découvrir la Colombie em> p > div> div>                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

    

        

                                     

De l’intérieur de la bibliothèque, dans le quartier de Santo Domingo Savio, on a vue sur Medellín même, dans une vallée entourée par les Andes. h2>          div>                                           

                                                                                                                                              postload-img>                                                                                                                                                                                                               Kevin Loria / Tech Insider                                              span>                               span>                                figure>                  

Source: Découvrir la Colombie em> p > div> div>                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

    

        

                                     

L’Opéra de Sydney est l’ambassadeur légitime de l’architecture australienne. Il a été conçu par l’architecte danois Jørn Utzon et a ouvert ses portes en 1973. h2>          div>                                           

                                                                                                                                              postload-img>                                                                                                                                                                                                               Daniel Munoz / Reuters                                              span>                               span>                                figure>                  

Source: Opéra de Sydney em> p> p> p> div> div>